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Law legal definition of law

Law. A body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority. In U.S. law, the word law refers to any rule that if broken subjects a party to criminal punishment or civil liability. Laws in the United States are made by federal, state, and local legislatures, judges, the president, state governors, and administrative agencies.

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Legal Dictionary

(7 days ago) Legal Dictionary. The main source of TheFreeDictionary's legal dictionary is West's Encyclopedia of American Law, Edition 2, which contains more than 4,000 entries detailing terms, concepts, events, movements, cases, and individuals significant to United States law.. The legal dictionary also incorporates The People's Law Dictionary, by renowned authorities Gerald and Kathleen Hill.

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Local Laws legal definition of Local Laws

(7 days ago) Law. A body of rules of conduct of binding legal force and effect, prescribed, recognized, and enforced by controlling authority. In U.S. law, the word law refers to any rule that if broken subjects a party to criminal punishment or civil liability. Laws in the United States are made by federal, state, and local legislatures, judges, the president, state governors, and administrative agencies.

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Laws legal definition of Laws

(1 days ago) LAWS, RHODIAN, maritime. law. A code of laws adopted by the people of Rhodes, who had, by their commerce and naval victories, obtained the sovereignty of the sea, about nine hundred. years before the Christian era. There is reason to suppose this code has not been transmitted to …

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Proper law legal definition of proper law

(7 days ago) proper law. in PRIVATE INTERNATIONAL LAW, that body of law that is most realistically connected with the issue in question. In cases of conflict over which legal system applies to a contract, the proper law of the contract is becoming widely accepted as the appropriate test. An expressed intention by the parties helps determine the proper law

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Legislation legal definition of legislation

(8 days ago) The law governing members of an incorporated body is usually seen as contractual, but sometimes the memorandum and articles of a limited company can be seen as a form of legislation for the members. Since devolution, the Scottish Parliament may legislate within its competence and passes Acts of the Scottish Parliament.

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Statute legal definition of statute

(4 days ago) A statute is a written law passed by a legislature on the state or federal level. Statutes set forth general propositions of law that courts apply to specific situations. A statute may forbid a certain act, direct a certain act, make a declaration, or set forth governmental mechanisms to aid society. A statute begins as a bill proposed or

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Attorney legal definition of attorney

(5 days ago) attorney. n. 1) an agent or someone authorized to act for another. 2) a person who has been qualified by a state or Federal court to provide legal services, including appearing in court. Each state has a bar examination which is a qualifying test to practice law.

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Arbitration legal definition of arbitration

(8 days ago) A provision of this law addressed, for the first time, the arbitration of Title VII claims. Section 118 of the act states that the parties could, "where appropriate and to the extent authorized by law," choose to pursue alternative dispute resolution, including arbitration, to resolve their Title VII disputes.

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Logan Act legal definition of Logan Act

(6 days ago) Logan Act. The Logan Act (18 U.S.C.A. § 953 [1948]) is a single federal statute making it a crime for a citizen to confer with foreign governments against the interests of the United States. Specifically, it prohibits citizens from negotiating with other nations on behalf of the United States without authorization.

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Battery legal definition of battery

(4 days ago) At common law, an intentional unpermitted act causing harmful or offensive contact with the "person" of another. Battery is concerned with the right to have one's body left alone by others. Battery is both a tort and a crime. Its essential element, harmful or offensive contact, is the same in both areas of the law.

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Interrogatories legal definition of interrogatories

(2 days ago) Medical law cases of note party can give discoverable testimony that practically cannot be obtained through informal consultations or communication, interrogatories , request for production of documents or other discovery means.

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Sentencing legal definition of Sentencing

(7 days ago) Sentencing. The post-conviction stage of the criminal justice process, in which the defendant is brought before the court for the imposition of a penalty. If a defendant is convicted in a criminal prosecution, the event that follows the verdict is called sentencing. A sentence is the penalty ordered by the court.

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Barratry legal definition of barratry

(5 days ago) Barratry. In Criminal Law, the frequent incitement of lawsuits and quarrels that is a punishable offense.. Barratry is most commonly applied to an attorney who attempts to bring about a lawsuit that will be profitable to her or him. Barratry is an offense both at Common Law and under some state statutes. The broader common-law crime has been limited by certain statutes.

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Probate legal definition of probate

(4 days ago) probate an order of court appointing a person to administer the estate of a deceased person. Where a person dies leaving a will that makes an effective appointment of executors, the executors' title to deal with the deceased's estate is completed by the issue of a grant of probate. This is in fact and in law (like a grant of LETTERS OF ADMINISTRATION) an order of the High Court.

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Default legal definition of default

(4 days ago) default. 1) n. failure to respond to a summons and complaint served on a party in the time required by law. If a legal answer or other response is not filed, the suing party (plaintiff) can request a default be entered in the record, which terminates the rights of the defaulting party to defend the case.

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Hearsay legal definition of hearsay

(4 days ago) hearsay: A statement made out of court that is offered in court as evidence to prove the truth of the matter asserted. It is the job of the judge or jury in a court proceeding to determine whether evidence offered as proof is credible. Three evidentiary rules help the judge or jury make this determination: (1) Before being allowed to testify,

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Release legal definition of release

(4 days ago) Under the Common Law, when an individual who had been injured by the wrongful acts of two or more persons acting in concert—known as joint tortfeasors—executed a release to one of the defendants, the releasor was regarded as having relinquished the claim against all the defendants, unless rights against them were clearly and specifically

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Venue legal definition of venue

(2 days ago) Except when a special law applies to a particular type of case, proper venue is determined by the factor that allows the case to be brought in federal court. If the court derives its authority because the plaintiffs and defendants are residents of different states (known as diversity jurisdiction), then the proper venue is the judicial district

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Duress legal definition of duress

(3 days ago) duress: Unlawful pressure exerted upon a person to coerce that person to perform an act that he or she ordinarily would not perform. Duress also encompasses the same harm, threats, or restraint exercised upon the affected individual's spouse, child, or parent. Duress is distinguishable from Undue Influence , a concept employed in the law of

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Attempt legal definition of attempt

(4 days ago) Attempt. An undertaking to do an act that entails more than mere preparation but does not result in the successful completion of the act. In Criminal Law, an attempt to commit a crime is an offense when an accused makes a substantial but unsuccessful effort to commit a crime.The elements of attempt vary, although generally, there must be an intent to commit the crime, an Overt Act beyond mere

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Arrest legal definition of arrest

(3 days ago) arrest: A seizure or forcible restraint; an exercise of the power to deprive a person of his or her liberty; the taking or keeping of a person in custody by legal authority, especially, in response to a criminal charge. The purpose of an arrest is to bring the arrestee before a court or otherwise secure the administration of the law. An arrest

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Judge legal definition of judge

(2 days ago) Judge To make a decision or reach a conclusion after examining all the factual evidence presented. To form an opinion after evaluating the facts and applying the law. A public officer chosen or elected to preside over and to administer the law in a court of justice; one who controls the proceedings in a courtroom and decides questions of law or

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Larceny legal definition of larceny

(4 days ago) Larceny. The unauthorized taking and removal of the Personal Property of another by an individual who intends to permanently deprive the owner of it; a crime against the right of possession.. Larceny generally refers to nonviolent theft. It is a common-law term developed by the royal courts of England in the seventeenth century.

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Court legal definition of court

(2 days ago) A kangaroo court is a mock legal proceeding that disregards law and justice by issuing a biased, predetermined judgment regardless of the evidence presented before it. Judicial courts are created by the government through the enactment of statutes or by constitutional provisions for the purpose of enforcing the law for the public good.

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ACT! legal definition of ACT!

(1 days ago) act. 1) n. in general, any action by a person. 2) n. a statutory plan passed by Congress or any legislature which is a "bill" until enacted and becomes law. 3) v. for a court to make a decision and rule on a motion or petition, as in "the court will act on your motion for a new trial."

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Demurrer legal definition of demurrer

(5 days ago) demurrer. n. (dee-muhr-ur) a written response to a complaint filed in a lawsuit which, in effect, pleads for dismissal on the point that even if the facts alleged in the complaint were true, there is no legal basis for a lawsuit. A hearing before a judge (on the law and motion calendar) will then be held to determine the validity of the demurrer.

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Invitee legal definition of invitee

(4 days ago) Florida law holds that property owners have no duty to guard an invitee against harm from wild animals. Hospital law decisions of note For those camps that have extra beds to fill, establishing parent to invitee ratios, tracking the relationship of an invitee to the camper, and measuring the number of invitees and e-card recipients that are

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Privacy legal definition of privacy

(4 days ago) In constitutional law, privacy means the right to make certain fundamental decisions concerning deeply personal matters free from government coercion, intimidation, or regulation. In this sense, privacy is associated with interests in autonomy, dignity, and self-determination. Under the common law, privacy generally means the right to be let

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Mandamus legal definition of mandamus

(5 days ago) Mandamus [Latin, We comand.]A writ or order that is issued from a court of superior jurisdiction that commands an inferior tribunal, corporation, Municipal Corporation, or individual to perform, or refrain from performing, a particular act, the performance or omission of which is required by law as an obligation.. A writ or order of mandamus is an extraordinary court order because it is made

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Prescription legal definition of prescription

(9 days ago) The law presumes a grant before the time of legal memory when the party claiming by prescription, or those from whom he holds, have had adverse or uninterrupted possession of the property or rights claimed by prescription. This presumption may be a mere fiction, the commencement of the user being tortious; no prescription can, however, be

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Jurisprudence legal definition of jurisprudence

(Just Now) The Common Law (1881), written by oliver wendell holmes jr., is a well-known example of this type of jurisprudence. It traces the evolution of civil and criminal responsibility from undeveloped societies where liability for injuries was based on subjective notions of revenge, to modern societies where liability is based on objective notions of

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Remedies legal definition of remedies

(5 days ago) The law of remedies is concerned with the character and extent of relief to which an individual who has brought a legal action is entitled once the appropriate court procedure has been followed, and the individual has established that he or she has a substantive right that has been infringed by the defendant.

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Liberty legal definition of Liberty

(4 days ago) LIBERTY. Freedom from restraint. The power of acting as one thinks fit, without any restraint or control, except from the laws of nature. 2. Liberty is divided into civil, natural, personal, and political. 3. Civil liberty is the power to do whatever is permitted by the constitution of the state and the laws of the land.

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Detinue legal definition of detinue

(4 days ago) Detinue. One of the old common-law Forms of Action used to recover Personal Property from a person who refuses to give it up. Also used to collect money damages for losses caused by the wrongful detention. Dating back to the twelfth century, detinue is one of the oldest forms of action in common law, along with the action of debt—a lawsuit for a specific sum of money owed.

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Larceny-theft legal definition of Larceny-theft

(Just Now) Larceny. The unauthorized taking and removal of the Personal Property of another by an individual who intends to permanently deprive the owner of it; a crime against the right of possession.. Larceny generally refers to nonviolent theft. It is a common-law term developed by the royal courts of England in the seventeenth century.

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Assent legal definition of Assent

(3 days ago) assent: An intentional approval of known facts that are offered by another for acceptance; agreement; consent. Express assent is manifest confirmation of a position for approval. Implied assent is that which the law presumes to exist because the conduct of the parties demonstrates their intentions. Mutual assent , sometimes called the meeting

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Property legal definition of property

(5 days ago) property things and rights that can be owned or that have a money value. Property also signifies a beneficial right to a thing. In English law, property is either realty, which comprises freehold land, or personalty, which comprises everything else, including leasehold land and land held on trust for sale; pure personalty is the term used to denote chattels and other forms of personal property

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Amendment legal definition of amendment

(6 days ago) AMENDMENT, legislation. An alteration or change of something proposed in a bill. 2. Either house of the legislature has a right to make amendments; but, when so made, they must be sanctioned by the other house before they can become a law.

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Ademption legal definition of Ademption

(6 days ago) ademption: The failure of a gift of personal property—a bequest—or of real property—a devise—to be distributed according to the provisions of a decedent's will because the property no longer belongs to the testator at the time of his or her death or because the property has been substantially changed. There are two types of ademption: by

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Entrapment legal definition of entrapment

(7 days ago) entrapment: The act of government agents or officials that induces a person to commit a crime he or she is not previously disposed to commit. Entrapment is a defense to criminal charges when it is established that the agent or official originated the idea of the crime and induced the accused to engage in it. If the crime was promoted by a

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Necessities legal definition of necessities

(8 days ago) Necessity. A defense asserted by a criminal or civil defendant that he or she had no choice but to break the law. The necessity defense has long been recognized as Common Law and has also been made part of most states' statutory law. Although no federal statute acknowledges the defense, the Supreme Court has recognized it as part of the common law.

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Pleading legal definition of Pleading

(5 days ago) Pleading. Asking a court to grant relief. The formal presentation of claims and defenses by parties to a lawsuit. The specific papers by which the allegations of parties to a lawsuit are presented in proper form; specifically the complaint of a plaintiff and the answer of a defendant plus any additional responses to those papers that are authorized by law.

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Judgement legal definition of judgement

(6 days ago) The law commands all men, it is the same for all, because it is general; judgments are particular decisions, which apply only to particular persons, and bind no others; they vary like the circumstances on which they are founded. 5. Litigious contests present to the courts facts to appreciate, agreements to be construed, and points of law to be

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Prescribe legal definition of prescribe

(6 days ago) The law presumes a grant before the time of legal memory when the party claiming by prescription, or those from whom he holds, have had adverse or uninterrupted possession of the property or rights claimed by prescription. This presumption may be a mere fiction, the commencement of the user being tortious; no prescription can, however, be

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Bill legal definition of bill

(1 days ago) A bill corresponds to the declaration made by the plaintiff when beginning a common-law action. Modern rules of pleading have merged the procedures for handling cases at law and in equity, and the modern equivalent of both the bill in equity and the declaration at law is the complaint.

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Injury legal definition of Injury

(3 days ago) The law of torts provides remedies for injury caused by negligent or intentional acts. An accidental injury is an injury to the body caused unintentionally. Within the meaning of Workers' Compensation acts, it is an injury occurring in the course of employment.

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