Law Institute for Advanced Study
Law Law. Social Science. Does Propaganda Incite Violence? Richard Ashby Wilson and Christine Lillie. The Institute Letter Summer 2015. Over the last ten years, national and international courts have prosecuted a greater number of political leaders and their propagandists who incite others to commit acts of war, terrorism, and genocide.
Actived: 3 days ago
Law and the Social Sciences
(7 days ago) Law and the Social Sciences. Theme for 2016-17. The interface between law and social inquiry has long been a domain of analysis explored by legal scholars and social scientists. In recent decades, the emergence of contemporary critical legal thought, the flourishing of the “Law and” movements, the rise of New Legal Realism, Empirical Legal
Islamic Law and Private International Law: The Case of
(9 days ago) Islamic law is a legal tradition with a long history stretching back centuries. It has been characterized by a degree of pluralism such that any particular legal issue might occasion three or more legal conclusions. This might seem strange for a religious legal tradition that seeks the presumably uniform will of God, but this diversity is
Sex and the Catholic Church: What Does Law Have to Do …
(6 days ago) Law, however, remains mostly stuck in older discourses of separation, privilege, and protection.… If we expand our understanding of law, as these authors do, to include the always interrelated law of the church, of gender, and the everyday law of human caring, can we see law—and religion and sex—differently?
The Rule of Law Under Pressure
(5 days ago) Each year, the School of Social Science designates a theme to create a sense of community amongits Members. During the 2007–08 academic year, the theme was “The Rule of Law Under Pressure,” in which Members looked at the pressure that comes from the “war on terrorism” (and other wars) and from the claim that military and political emergencies require the expansion of executive power
Measuring International Law through Piracy
(9 days ago) Piracy is a perfect test case for the potential of modern international criminal law precisely because the latter has a much more ambitious agenda, dedicated primarily to punishing war crimes and violations of human rights by governments. International criminal law today seeks to go after national leaders and to insert itself into armed conflicts.
From a War on Terrorism to Global Security Law
(Just Now) By contrast, global security law not only still exists but is becoming ever more entrenched. More than a decade after the attacks, global security law remains one of the most persistent legacies of 9/11. On September 28, 2001, the United Nations Security Council passed Resolution 1373. Operating under Chapter VII of the UN Charter, which makes
Fluctuations from the Semicircle Law Lecture 2
(5 days ago) Ioana Dumitriu (UW) Fluctuations from the Semicircle Law Lecture 2 May 21, 2014 23 / 24. Convergence in Probability and Almost Surely Almost Sure Convergence The Chebyshev Inequality together with the Borel-Cantelli Lemma say that, for any >0 and k 1, the number of matrices for which 1 n
Between the Eroticized Bourgeois Family and the Liberal
(6 days ago) Incest law in the nineteenth century, for the most part, treated incest as a consensual act—if convicted, both parties were guilty. While some states, like Ohio, had so-called “rape of daughter” statutes, these were anomalous, and were part of rape law not incest law.
Modular Arithmetic: Driven by Inherent Beauty and Human
(6 days ago) Stunningly, in 1954, Martin Eichler (former IAS Member) found a totally new reciprocity law, not included in Artin’s theorem. (Such reciprocity laws are often referred to as non-abelian.) More specifically, he found a reciprocality law for the two variable equation Y 2 + Y = X 3 – X 2.
DR. NKATHA KABIRA
(Just Now) The Law of Commissions: A Case Study of the Place of Commissions in Law and Governance in Kenya, Dissertation, Harvard Law School, Cambridge, MA, May 2015, “ ” with Nancy Baraza, Pathways to Feminism and Development in Africa Journal, Nairobi, 2013.
Conspiring with the Enemy and Cooperating in Warfare
(9 days ago) And (3) although the rules are not always obeyed—in fact, they are more often deliberately violated—and even if international law looks much less dramatic and interesting than tensely negotiated truces in muddy trenches, the systematization of cooperation at the interstate and international levels and the extent to which individuals do obey
The Shiite Interpretation of the Status of Women
(Just Now) Abi Talib—the prophet’s cousin—her son-in-law, and first Shiite Imam takes on divine proportions. This image of Fatima that the prophet transferred to the Shiites is represented with tremendous honor and respect in Shiite writings and traditions. This is an important contribution to the role of women in the collective memory and in Shiite
Chowra Makaremi A Critical Anthropology of Morals
(6 days ago) Chowra Makaremi is a tenured researcher, National Center for Scientific Research (CNRS), Institute for Interdisciplinary Research on Social Issues, Ecole des Hautes Etudes en Sciences Sociales in Paris. Her research focuses on issues of security, migration control, the anthropology of law and the state, and processes of subjectivation at the
ON THE RATIONALE FOR PENALTY DEFAULT RULES
(6 days ago) 6 FLORIDA STATE UNIVERSITY LAW REVIEW [Vol. 24:000 suming that B is private information ex ante, B must be verifiable ex post.8 For either liability rule, the corresponding choice of e above is generally inefficient.For efficiency, the choice of e should be geared to the buyer’s actual loss B: the expected gross benefit from a par- ticular choice of e is Bπ(e) and the cost is e.
Beyond the Formalist-Realist Divide
(7 days ago) Brian Z. Tamanaha, Professor of Law at Washington University School of Law, is the author of Beyond the Formalist-Realist Divide: The Role of Politics in Judging (Princeton University Press, 2010), which he wrote while a Member in the School of Social Science in 2007–08.
“Spontaneous Revolution” in Tunisia
(5 days ago) The constitution, the electoral law, the law of the press, and more have all served the dictatorship and its staying power instead of the general interest or the popular will. That is why it is necessary to dismantle the juridical apparatus in order to build, from the ground up, a new and just legal order that will draw its legitimacy from the
The Triumph of Just War Theory (and the Dangers of Success
(Just Now) ory into international law, but the rise of the modern state and the legal (and philosophical) acceptance of state sovereignty pushed the theory into the background. Now the political fore- ground was occupied by people we can think of as Machiavellian princes, hard men (and sometimes women), driven by "reason of
(9 days ago) (including law, economics, government, education, and science), concepts (including power, money and influence as well as knowledge and action) and even-reflexively-to systems theory itself. Even though his terminology is often less than transparent, X Translator's Introduction his ideas should have a familiar ring to anyone acquainted with
Morals and Justice A Critical Anthropology of Morals
(8 days ago) The life of the Law: Anthropological Projects, Berkeley, University of California Press. PHILIPS, S. U. 1998. Ideology in the Language of Judges: How Judges Practice Law, Politics, and Courtroom control, New-York, Oxford University Press.
Genetics and Identity
(8 days ago) But while they may have been Lombard according to some criteria—Lombard law, for example, required that a foreigner seeking to enter the authority of the Lombard king had to accept Lombard law—in other respects, they may have continued to hold a different ethnic identity, perhaps in their religion, language, or cultural traditions.
From Prime Numbers to Nuclear Physics and Beyond
(3 days ago) The law would have been personified by the Greeks and deified, if they had known of it. It reigns with serenity and in complete self-effacement, amidst the wildest confusion. The huger the mob, and the greater the apparent anarchy, the more perfect is its sway. It is the supreme law of Unreason.
Life in the low-Reynolds number world
(9 days ago) Time-reversal properties of a dynamical law signal its dissipative character • Once the top plate has returned to its initial position, each fluid element has also returned, regardless of the dynamics of the return stroke. dv dx K 0 tia 00 0 0 0 0 out: e) ng:,, x vv d f x t d z x t …
Reciprocity laws for torsion classes
(5 days ago) The law of quadratic reciprocity and the celebrated connection between modular forms and elliptic curves over $\mathbb Q$ are both examples of reciprocity laws. Constructing new reciprocity laws is one of the goals of the Langlands program, which is meant to connect number theory with harmonic analysis and representation theory.
Women in French Politics: Rank and File More Often Than
(4 days ago) A law passed in 2012, which will be in effect by June 2017, forbids, from then on, the holding of a national and a local executive office by the same person at the same time. Second, political parties, ruled almost exclusively by men, have long been key factors for women’s marginalization in politics, the left-wing parties being ideologically
Cover-Up: French Gender Equality and the Islamic Headscarf
(Just Now) Underlying the 2004 law banning the wearing of Islamic headscarves in French public schools is a fundamental clash between French and Muslim gender systems, according to Joan Wallach Scott, Harold F. Linder Professor in the School of Social Science. In her December 5 public lecture “Cover-up: French Gender Equality and the Islamic Headscarf,” Scott analyzed one of the justifications given
Was Justice Scalia Right about the Slippery Slope to “the
(2 days ago) 3. Circumstances of distrust of common law constitutional interpretation, of reasoning by analogy from one case to the next, and of the possibility of making reasoned judgments in drawing lines and maintaining cogent distinctions in building out constitutional doctrines. a. See, e.g., Scalia’s book, A Matter of Interpretation (1997) (based on
The Three Moral Hazards of Health Insurance
(2 days ago) The modern meaning of “moral hazard” began when Kenneth Arrow, who went on to win the Nobel Prize in economics, started training after the Depression to become an insurance actuary. 1 He conceived of insurers’ use of moral hazard as referring to information asymmetry—the fact that policyholders know more about their health conditions and risks than the insurance company. 1, 2 The
Politics, Propaganda, and the Use and Abuse of Sound-Bites
(5 days ago) Politics, Propaganda, and the Use and Abuse of Sound-Bites. Danielle S. Allen · Published 2008. The political season is upon us and so, if they were not before, our newspapers, radios, computer screens, and televisions are now overfull with sound-bites; and countless people are complaining about the degradation of political conversation.
Scholars Bookshelf (Historical Studies
(5 days ago) Illegitimacy in English Law and Society, 1860-1930 Manchester: Manchester University Press, 2016. Laura Weigert, Member of the School of Historical Studies, Spring Term 2006. French Visual Culture and the Making of Medieval Theater New York: Cambridge University Press, 2015. Steven Pierce, Member of the School of Social Science, 2010-2011.
Global Security Law Institute for Advanced Study
(9 days ago) From a War on Terrorism to Global Security Law. Kim Lane Scheppele. The Institute Letter Fall 2013. On December 11, 2003, when asked in a press conference whether his Iraq policy was consistent with international law, President George W. Bush joked, “International law? I better call my lawyer; he didn’t bring that up to me.”. But, in fact
Historian of Science Myles W. Jackson Appointed to the
(7 days ago) Spanning the disciplines of sociology, anthropology, technology studies, law, bioethics, and medical ethics, Jackson examines the gene’s discovery, patenting, and commercialization––from a sequence of DNA to its role in providing near-immunity of the AIDS virus to its becoming a patented product of a corporation.
Promoting Human Rights and Democracy in China
(4 days ago) In 2008, 303 prominent Chinese intellectuals initiated Charter 08, which was inspired by Charter 77 of Czechoslovakia, demanding human rights protections. I helped Liu Xiaobo draft the Charter and collect signatures. In the open letter, we demanded a meaningful democracy and rule of law…
Does Propaganda Incite Violence
(5 days ago) Richard A. Wilson, Friends of the Institute for Advanced Study Member (2014–15) in the School of Social Science and Gladstein Professor at the University of Connecticut School of Law, studies the effects of denigrating speech.
ROGER MERINO (Lima, 1982) Ph.D., M.Sc., M.Sc., LL.M. I
(7 days ago) Law and politics of the human/nature. International Workshop Locating nature: making and unmaking International Law. Institute of Global Law and Policy, Harvard Law School, June 2 – 3 June, Boston, Mass. Políticas extractivas, políticas indígenas y la transición conflictiva hacia un Estado Intercultural.
Reading between the lines of four-dimensional gauge theories
(9 days ago) : the basic line H has a perimeter law in one vacuum and an area law in the other. •𝑆 3 −: the basic line HW has an area law in one vacuum and a perimeter law in the other. •There is an unbroken Z 2 gauge symmetry in the vacuum with a perimeter law. •Despite the mass gap, this Z 2 gauge symmetry can be detected as long range
Security Versus Civil Liberties and Human Rights
(5 days ago) The obsession for security justified violence and violations of international law, while resorting to the use of collective category prevented for many decades the emergence of a language and practice of human rights. Daniela L. Caglioti, the Elizabeth and J. Richardson Dilworth Fellow in the School of Historical Studies (2011), is a modern
On the Boltzmann equation without angular cut-off.
(6 days ago) Inverse power-law interactions:Here the particles are assumed to interact pairwise through inverse power law potentials, ˚(r) = r p+1 for some p >2. In this case, the preferred consequence of a collision is a glancing or grazing collision, meaning that the velocities change only a small amount. The Coulomb potential ˚(r) = r 1:this requires some
Quantum Circuits, Cellular Automata and Tensor Networks
(Just Now) In the first case, the resulting operations still comply with an area law for the mutual information they can create but, in general, cannot be efficiently expressed as tensor networks. In the second, they can still give rise to unitary dynamics but cannot be described in terms of QCA in general. (Joint work with Lorenzo Piroli and Goegios
Shii Studies Review (volume 1)
(7 days ago) A refereed journal with an international editorial and advisory board, the Shii Studies Review provides a scholarly forum for researchers specializing in all fields of Shii studies. Issued twice a year, the journal publishes peer-reviewed original studies, critical editions of classical and pre-modern texts, and book reviews on Shii law, ḥadīth, Qurʾānic exegesis, philosophy, kalām
‘Usages and Customs of the Sea’
(4 days ago) law, including the Judgements of Oléron and the Laws of Wisby, as well as a repertoire of French royal decrees on the subject. In the process, Cleirac not only handed statesmen and legal professionals a valuable work at a time when maritime trade was a growing concern in everyday life and politics, but also
What Causes Supernovae Explosions
(2 days ago) He might have been gratified to learn that the two stars collided due to the application of the same law of gravity that would later be deduced based on his dedicated observations. Boaz Katz, John N. Bahcall Fellow and Member (2012–13) in the School of Natural Sciences, works on various problems in high-energy astrophysics and few-body dynamics.
The Chief Eunuch of the Ottoman Imperial Harem
(2 days ago) One rarely finds [a eunuch] who has, like him, an open forehead, a well-made nose, large, clear eyes, a small mouth, rosy lips, dazzlingly white teeth, a neck of exact proportion without wrinkles, handsome arms and legs, all the rest of his body supple and unconstrained, more fat than thin.—Jean-Claude Flachat, Observations sur le commerce et sur les arts d’une partie de l’Europe, de l
THE ROLE OF JUDICIARY IN REFORMING ISLAMIC LAW IN …
(Just Now) law, however, they have had an indirect effect by pressuring religious courts/authorities to undertake self-reform. § Should a democratic state accommodate the demands of ethno-religious communities for legal autonomy by recognizing and formally incorporating the laws and dispute-resolution mechanisms
Usages and Customs of the Sea’: Étienne Cleirac and the
(7 days ago) It is the earliest and most extensive vernacular treatise on maritime law composed in early modern Europe, assembling and commenting on a large body of legal norms issued from the twelfth century to the then present, including the Laws of Wisby, the Judgements of Oléron, and a great many French regional and royal compilations of maritime law.