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Caselaw: Cases and Codes

Cases and Codes. FindLaw's Cases and Codes section contains resources and links for both state and federal laws. This includes resources pertaining to constitutions, statutes, cases and more. Run a search for case summaries or select a jurisdiction to browse applicable laws. For additional primary sources and articles on legal practice visit

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US Supreme Court Recent Cases FindLaw

(7 days ago) Welcome to FindLaw's searchable database of U.S. Supreme Court decisions since 1760. Supreme Court opinions are browsable by year and U.S. Reports volume number, and are searchable by party name, case title, citation, full text and docket number. FindLaw maintains an archive of Supreme Court opinion summaries from September 2000 to the present.

Category:  Laws Go Now

COLLINS v. VIRGINIA FindLaw

(7 days ago) As federal common law, however, the exclusionary rule cannot bind the States. Federal law trumps state law only by virtue of the Supremacy Clause, which makes the "Constitution, and the Laws of the United States which shall be made in Pursuance thereof; and all Treaties . . . the supreme Law of the Land," Art. VI, cl. 2.

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INS v. DELGADO FindLaw

(7 days ago) [ Footnote 8 ] The enormous law enforcement problems resulting from this combination of practical difficulties in patrolling this border and the incentives for illegal aliens to secure employment have been noted by the Congress, see Hearings on Oversight of the Immigration and Naturalization Service before the Subcommittee on Immigration

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DUNCAN v. LOUISIANA FindLaw

(7 days ago) Under Louisiana law simple battery is a misdemeanor punishable by a maximum of two years' imprisonment and a $300 fine. Appellant was convicted of simple battery and sentenced to 60 days in prison and a fine of $150. He had requested a jury trial which was denied because the Louisiana Constitution grants jury trials only in cases where capital

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CITY OF INDIANAPOLIS et al. v. EDMOND et al. FindLaw

(6 days ago) The law enforcement problems that the drug trade creates likewise remain daunting and complex, particularly in light of the myriad forms of spin-off crime that it spawns. Cf. Montoya de Hernandez, 473 U. S., at 538. The same can be said of various other illegal activities, if only to a lesser degree. But the gravity of the threat alone cannot

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TAYLOR v. TAINTOR FindLaw

(6 days ago) The law which renders the performance impossible, and therefore excuses failure, must be a law operative in the State where the obligation was assumed, and obligatory in its effect upon her authorities. If, after the instrument is executed, the principal is imprisoned in another State for the violation of a criminal law of that State, it will

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PAYTON v. NEW YORK FindLaw

(7 days ago) E. g., 1 J. Bishop, Commentaries on the Law of Criminal Procedure 195-199 (2d ed. 1872); 1 Chitty 23; 1 J. Colby, A Practical Treatise upon the Criminal Law and Practice of the State [445 U.S. 573, 612] of New York 73-74 (1868); F. Heard, A Practical Treatise on the Authority and Duties of Trial Justices, District, Police, and Municipal Courts

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TARASOFF v. REGENTS OF UNIVERSITY OF CALIFORNIA …

(7 days ago) The law recognizes the psychiatrist's ability to lessen a patient's propensity for violence. Indeed, this ability is so well-established that the majority, in its second reason for imposing a duty to warn, concludes that because the psychiatrists' conduct caused Poddar to discontinue treatment, the psychiatrists actually “contributed to the

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GRIGGS v. DUKE POWER CO. FindLaw

(7 days ago) United States Supreme Court. GRIGGS v. DUKE POWER CO.(1971) No. 124 Argued: December 14, 1970 Decided: March 8, 1971. Negro employees at respondent's generating plant brought this action, pursuant to Title VII of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, challenging respondent's requirement of a high school diploma or passing of intelligence tests as a condition of employment in or transfer to jobs at the

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Minnesota Legal Research

(2 days ago) Minnesota Legal Research Laws. Minnesota Statutes and Session Laws - FindLaw's hosted version of the Minnesota Statutes, Laws and Rules. Minnesota Constitution - The Constitution of the State of Minnesota. Attorney General Opinions - AG Opinions are issued when requested by the legislature, any public officer of the State, or a county attorney, on a question of law relating to their office.

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EX PARTE MILLIGAN FindLaw

(4 days ago) Martial law is the will of the commanding officer of an armed force, or of a geographical military department, expressed in time of war within the limits of his military jurisdiction, as necessity demands and prudence dictates, restrained or enlarged by the orders of …

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OLIVER v. UNITED STATES FindLaw

(7 days ago) At common law, the curtilage is the area to which extends the intimate activity associated with the "sanctity of a man's home and the privacies of life," Boyd v. United States, 116 U.S. 616, 630 (1886), and therefore has been considered part of the home itself for Fourth Amendment purposes. Thus, courts have extended Fourth Amendment protection

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PHILLIPS v. AWH CORPORATION FindLaw

(9 days ago) In Klein v. Russell, 86 U.S. (19 Wall.) 433, 466, 22 L.Ed. 116 (1873), the owner of a reissued patent argued for a narrow construction of the patent, while the accused infringer argued for a broader construction. The Court noted that the law “required that the reissue should be for the same invention as the original patent.” Id.

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MI Supreme Court Opinions and Cases FindLaw

(Just Now) Supreme Court of Michigan Cases. Welcome to FindLaw's searchable database of Supreme Court of Michigan decisions since January 1997. FindLaw offers a free RSS feed for this court. We also maintain an archive of Opinion Summaries from September 2000 to the Present. Cases are browsable by date and searchable by docket number, case title, and full text.

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PRUNEYARD SHOPPING CENTER v. ROBINS FindLaw

(6 days ago) We responded that even if a pre-existing state-law remedy "is a species of `property' protected by the Due Process Clause . . ., it would remain true that the State's interest in fashioning its own rules of tort law is paramount to any discernible federal interest, except perhaps an interest in protecting the individual citizen from state

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SONY CORP. v. UNIVERSAL CITY STUDIOS, INC. FindLaw

(7 days ago) The closest analogy is provided by the patent law cases to which it is appropriate to refer because of the historic kinship between patent law and copyright law. 19 [464 U.S. 417, 440] In the Patent Act both the concept of infringement and the concept of contributory infringement are expressly defined by statute.

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PICKERING v. BOARD OF EDUCATION FindLaw

(7 days ago) Pursuant to Illinois law, the Board was then required to hold a hearing on the dismissal. At the hearing the Board charged that numerous statements in the letter were false and that the publication [391 U.S. 563, 567] of the statements unjustifiably impugned the "motives, honesty, integrity, truthfulness, responsibility and competence" of both

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LAW v. NATIONAL COLLEGIATE ATHLETIC ASSOCIATION FindLaw

(6 days ago) The NCAA asserts that this statement resolves the issue as law of the case. A decision of a motions panel, however, is not binding on the merits panel. See Stifel, Nicolaus & Co. v. Woolsey & Co., 81 F.3d 1540, 1543-44 (10th Cir.1996) (appeals court reviews prior motions panel decision “uninhibited by the law of the case doctrine”).

Category:  Laws Go Now

UNITED STATES v. JAMES DANIEL GOOD REAL PROPERTY FindLaw

(6 days ago) United States Supreme Court. UNITED STATES v. JAMES DANIEL GOOD REAL PROPERTY(1993) No. 92-1180 Argued: October 6, 1993 Decided: December 13, 1993. Four and one-half years after police found drugs and drug paraphernalia in claimant Good's home and he pleaded guilty to promoting a harmful drug in violation of Hawaii law, the United States filed an in rem action in the …

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US v. LEE FindLaw

(7 days ago) The law laid down in the early authorities is stated in the same way in the Digest of Chief Baron Comyns, written in the first half of the last century, and in Chitty on the Prerogatives of the Crown, published in 1820; and Mr. Chitty treats the action of ejectment as equivalent in this aspect to the ancient form of proceeding by assize. Comyn

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LEO v. MacLEOD FindLaw

(8 days ago) Neither party appealed these decisions. Thus, that judicial determination remains the unchallenged law in this case. After the trial court rescinded the contract, it awarded Mrs. MacLeod more than $14,000 in attorneys' fees based on the attorneys' fees clause in …

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Montana Legal Research

(Just Now) Montana Legal Research Laws. Montana Code Annotated - FindLaw's hosted version of the State Code of Montana. Montana Constitution - The Constitution of the State of Montana. Attorney General Opinions - Formal opinions to certain government officials on questions of law that relate to their governmental duties. Legislature: Bill Information - Bill information from the Montana Legislature.

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SHEFF v. NEILL FindLaw

(8 days ago) Federal law does not remedy de facto segregation. Sheff v. O'Neill, supra, 238 Conn. at 3, 678 A.2d 1267; Pasadena City Board of Education v. Spangler, 427 U.S. 424, 434-36, 96 S.Ct. 2697, 49 L.Ed.2d 599 (1976). The rapid rate of desegregation that the plaintiffs seek can only be accomplished through a mandatory reassignment plan. Based on the

Category:  Education Go Now

Oklahoma Legal Research

(1 days ago) Oklahoma Legal Research Laws. Attorney General Opinions - Formal opinions to certain government officials on questions of law that relate to their governmental duties, Since 1948. Unpublished Opinions since 1969. Legislature: Bill Information - Track bills from the Oklahoma State Legislature. Oklahoma Constitution - The Constitution of the State of Oklahoma.

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MICHIGAN v. LONG FindLaw

(8 days ago) See also California v. Krivda, 409 U.S. 33 (1972). In more recent cases, we have ourselves examined state law to determine whether state courts have used federal law to guide their application of state law or to provide the actual basis for the decision that was reached. See Texas v. Brown, 460 U.S. 730, 732 -733, n. 1 (1983) (plurality opinion).

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Maryland Legal Research

(1 days ago) Maryland Legal Research Laws. Code of Maryland - FindLaw's hosted version of the Maryland Code. Maryland Constitution of 1867 - The Constitution of the State of Maryland. Attorney General Opinions - AG Opinions are issued when requested by the legislature, any public officer of the State, or a county attorney, on a question of law relating to their office, since 1994.

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Hawaii Legal Research

(9 days ago) Legislature: Bill Information - Links to Bills, Hawaii Revised Statutes and legislative information. Attorney General Opinions - AG Opinions issued when requested by the legislature, any public officer of the State, or a county attorney, on a question of law relating to their office. State Legislature.

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LEMON v. KURTZMAN FindLaw

(7 days ago) A law "respecting" the proscribed result, that is, the establishment of religion, is not always easily identifiable as one violative of the Clause. A given law might not establish a state religion but nevertheless be one "respecting" that end in the sense of being a step that could lead to such establishment and hence offend the First Amendment.

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Virgin Islands Legal Research

(7 days ago) Federal Court Opinions. U.S. 1st Cir. Opinions - FindLaw cases and resources for the First Circuit Court of Appeals. U.S. Court of Appeals (1st Circuit) Opinions - Features judicial opinions, court rules, and other court information available through PACER.

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HENDRICK HUDSON DIST. BD. OF ED. v. ROWLEY FindLaw

(7 days ago) As the Senate Report states, passage of the Act "followed a series of landmark court cases establishing in law the right to education for all handicapped children." S. Rep., at 6. 14 The first case, Pennsylvania Assn. for Retarded Children v. Commonwealth, 334 F. Supp. 1257 (ED Pa. 1971) and 343 F. Supp. 279 (1972) (PARC), was a suit on behalf

Category:  Education Go Now

PROCUNIER v. MARTINEZ FindLaw

(7 days ago) Argued: December 3, 1973 Decided: April 29, 1974. Appellees, prison inmates, brought this class action challenging prisoner mail censorship regulations issued by the Director of the California Department of Corrections and the ban against the use of law students and legal paraprofessionals to conduct attorney-client interviews with inmates.

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TENNESSEE v. GARNER FindLaw

(5 days ago) Also, the common-law rule developed at a time when weapons were rudimentary. And, in light of the varied rules adopted in the States indicating a long-term movement away from the common-law rule, particularly in the police departments themselves, that rule is a dubious indicium of the constitutionality of the Tennessee statute.

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Vermont Legal Research

(Just Now) Vermont Legal Research Laws. Vermont Statutes - FindLaw's hosted version of the Vermont Statutes. Vermont Constitution - The Constitution of the State of Vermont. Attorney General Opinions - Formal opinions to certain government officials on questions of law that relate to their governmental duties. Legislature: Bill Information - Legislative research from the Vermont State Legislature.

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OWENS v. OKURE FindLaw

(7 days ago) Where state law provides multiple statutes of limitations for personal injury actions, courts considering 1983 claims should borrow the State's general or residual personal injury statute of limitations. Pp. 239-250. (a) Although Wilson v. Garcia, 471 U.S. 261 , held that 42 U.S.C. 1988 requires courts to borrow and apply to all 1983 claims a

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DONNELL v. CALIFORNIA WESTERN SCHOOL OF LAW FindLaw

(9 days ago) The law school is situated in a large building which occupies an entire city block. The building is bordered on three sides by the city sidewalks along Third Avenue on the west, Fourth Avenue on the east, and Cedar Street on the south. The north side of the building abuts a freeway right-of-way. Cal Western illuminated the law school entrance

Category:  Laws Go Now

UNITED STATES v. MATLOCK FindLaw

(7 days ago) Respondent Matlock was indicted in February 1971 for the robbery of a federally insured bank in Wisconsin, in violation of 18 U.S.C. 2113. A week later, he filed a motion to suppress evidence seized by law enforcement officers from a home in the town of Pardeeville, Wisconsin, in which he had been living.

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THE PAQUETE HABANA FindLaw

(7 days ago) The law is of universal obligation and no statute of one or two nations can create obligations for the world. Like all the laws of nations, it rests upon the common consent of civilized communities. It is of force, not because it was prescribed by any superior power, but because it has been generally accepted as a rule of conduct.

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EX PARTE YOUNG FindLaw

(7 days ago) A law which indirectly accomplishes a like result by imposing such conditions upon the right to appeal for judicial relief as work an abandonment of the right rather than face the conditions upon which it is offered or may be obtained is also unconstitutional.

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CALIFORNIA v. BEHELER FindLaw

(8 days ago) We held in Miranda that "[b]y custodial interrogation, we mean questioning initiated by law enforcement officers after a person has been taken into custody or otherwise deprived of his freedom of action in any significant way." 384 U.S., at 444 (footnote omitted).

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UNITED STATES v. EMERSON FindLaw

(5 days ago) Peter Goldberger, Law Office of Peter Goldberger, Admore, PA, for National Ass'n of Criminal Defense Lawyers, Amicus Curiae. The United States appeals the district court's dismissal of the indictment of Defendant-Appellee Dr. Timothy Joe Emerson (Emerson) for violating 18 U.S.C. § 922 (g) (8) (C) (ii). The district court held that section 922

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PEOPLE v. RIDDLE FindLaw

(7 days ago) The criminal law, as defined at common law and codified by legislation, “should not be tampered with except by legislation,” and this rule applies with equal force to common-law terms encompassed in the defenses to common-law crimes. In Re …

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UNITED STATES v. SEARCH OF LAW OFFICE RESIDENCE AND

(5 days ago) On the basis of the affidavit the magistrate judge issued a warrant authorizing a search of Brown's office and home, which agents executed the night of August 22 and early morning of August 23. Additionally, on August 23 Brown consented to the agents' request to search two storage units rented by his law

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STATE v. STODDARD FindLaw

(6 days ago) Whoever, after being requested or signaled to stop, attempts to elude a law enforcement officer by driving a vehicle at a reckless rate of speed which results in a high-speed chase between the operator's vehicle and any law enforcement vehicle using a blue light and siren is guilty of a Class C crime․4. Passing a roadblock.

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BOARD OF EDUCATION v. PICO FindLaw

(7 days ago) For example, Meyer v. Nebraska, 262 U.S. 390 (1923), struck down a state law that forbade the teaching of modern foreign languages in public and private schools, and Epperson v. Arkansas, 393 U.S. 97 (1968), declared unconstitutional a state law that prohibited the teaching of the Darwinian theory of evolution in any state-supported school.

Category:  Laws Go Now

Massachusetts Legal Resources

(6 days ago) Massachusetts Legal Resources Laws. Massachusetts General Laws - FindLaw's hosted version of the Massachusetts General Laws. Massachusetts Constitution - The Constitution of the Commonwealth of Massachusetts. Attorney General Opinions - AG Opinions are issued when requested by the legislature, any public officer of the State, or a county attorney, on a question of law relating to their office.

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HUDSON v. MCMILLIAN FindLaw

(5 days ago) United States Supreme Court. HUDSON v. McMILLIAN(1992) No. 90-6531 Argued: November 13, 1991 Decided: February 25, 1992. Petitioner Hudson, a Louisiana prison inmate, testified that minor bruises, facial swelling, loosened teeth, and a cracked dental plate he had suffered resulted from a beating by respondent prison guards McMillian and Woods while he was handcuffed and …

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